Boer War, or South African War (1899–1902), a war between Great Britain and the two Boer republics of Africa, the South African Republic (the Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. The Boers were the white inhabitants of these republics who were predominantly descended from early Dutch colonists.
Nelson Mandela was arrested on August 5, 1962. This arrest set in motion a chain of events that made Nelson Mandela a household name around the world.
Fossil evidence indicates that the earliest forms of humans and humanlike creatures originated in Africa.