Akeley, Carl Ethan (1864-1926), a United States taxidermist, inventor, explorer, and sculptor. Akeley raised taxidermy from a trade to a fine art by his realistic mounting of habitat groups (animals mounted in natural settings). The use of habitat groups was adopted by museums throughout the world.

Akeley's most famous works are the Virginia deer groups and “The Fighting Bulls” in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, and “The Alarm” and “Gorilla Group” in the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Akeley was born in Clarendon, New York, and was trained in taxidermy at Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester, New York. He wrote In Brightest Africa (1923).