General African History provides an overall view of the history of the African continent. Explore Africa’s defining moments and most significant historical events.


Dido, or Elissa, the traditional founder and first queen of Carthage. She was the sister of Pygmalion, king of Tyre.

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  • August 5: Nelson Mandela Arrested

    August 5: Nelson Mandela Arrested

    Nelson Mandela was arrested on August 5, 1962. This arrest set in motion a chain of events that made Nelson Mandela a household name around the world. See more »

  • History of Africa

    History of Africa

    Fossil evidence indicates that the earliest forms of humans and humanlike creatures originated in Africa. See more »

  • Barbary


    Barbary, a name given to the northern coastal area of Africa from Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean. See more »

  • Boer War

    Boer War

    Boer War, or South African War (1899-1902), a war between Great Britain and the two Boer republics of Africa, the South African Republic (the Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. See more »

  • Songhai Empire

    Songhai Empire

    Songhai, Empire, formerly in the western Sudan in Africa. It flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries in the area of the great bend in the Niger River, in present Niger and Mali. See more »

  • Abd el-Krim

    Abd el-Krim

    Abd-el-Krim,(1880?-1963), a Moorish chieftain, leader of the Riff tribes in Morocco. See more »

  • African Slave Trade

    African Slave Trade

    African Slave Trade, the gathering, transport, and sale of blacks from tropical Africa to other lands. See more »

  • Ahmed ibn-Muhammed Raisuli

    Ahmed ibn-Muhammed Raisuli

    Raisuli, Ahmed ibn-Muhammed (1875?-1925), a Moroccan brigand. As chief of a band in the mountains of Morocco he warred against the country's ineffective government. See more »

  • Apartheid


    Apartheid, a South African policy of racial separation. The word is Afrikaans for "apartness," and it originated in the 1930's to describe the racial policies of the National Party, which was predominantly supported by Afrikaners (Boers). See more »

  • Arianism


    Arianism, the doctrine taught by Arius ( ? -336), a priest of Alexandria, Egypt. See more »

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