Gaines's Mill, Battle of, June 27, 1862, a Confederate victory in the American Civil War. This battle, part of the Seven Days' Battles of the Peninsular Campaign, is sometimes called the First Battle of Cold Harbor. It was fought eight miles (13 km) northeast of Richmond, Virginia. After stubborn resistance, the outnumbered Union troops (35,000, against 57,000 Confederates) retreated toward Harrison's Landing on the James River. The Union commander was General Fitz-John Porter. The main Confederate attacks were delivered by Generals James Longstreet and A. P. Hill.
Most of us know P.T. Barnum because of the circus, but he was actually an important figure in American history. Learn how P.T. Barnum went from small-time entrepreneur to master showman and founder of the "Greatest Show on Earth."
Gettysburg, Battle of, July 1 - 3, 1863, a decisive battle of the American Civil War.