Meade George Gordon (1815–1872), a United States army officer. During the Civil War he commanded the Army of the Potomac in its victory at Gettysburg, and retained its command to the end of the war, although General U. S. Grant personally directed its later actions.
Meade was born in Cádiz, Spain, where his father, an American naval officer, was stationed. Meade graduated from West Point in 1835. He served in the Seminole War, was a civil engineer, 1836–42, then returned to the army in the Corps of Topographical Engineers. His engineering experience included surveys of railways, of the mouths of the Mississippi, and of Texas and Maine boundaries; the first geodetic survey of the Great Lakes; and construction of lighthouses. In the Mexican War he served in both Taylor's and Scott's armies. He became a captain in 1856.
Meade started in the Civil War as brigadier general of Pennsylvania volunteers. He was seriously wounded at Glendale during the Seven Days' Battles. He led a division at South Mountain and a corps at Chancellors-ville. He was made a major general in the Regular Army in 1864 and commanded in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida in 1868–69, during the Reconstruction period.