Dawes, Charles Gates (1865–1951), a United States lawyer, financier, and statesman. He was Vice President of the United States, 1925–29, under President Coolidge. He was chief author of the Dawes Plan (1923) for German financial reconstruction after World War I. He and Sir Austen Chamberlain were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1925.
Dawes was born in Marietta, Ohio, and graduated from Marietta College, 1884, and Cincinnati Law School, 1886. After practicing law in Lincoln, Nebraska, he became a successful public utility executive and banker in Illinois. He campaigned in 1896 for William McKinley, who, when President, made Dawes comptroller of the currency, 1898–1902.
As a brigadier general during World War I, Dawes was general purchasing agent for the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) and a member of the A.E.F Liquidation Committee to dispose of surplus military supplies. In 1921 Dawes became the first director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget. After his service in Germany and as Vice President, Dawes was ambassador to Great Britain, 1929–32. He was president of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in 1932. His home in Evanston, Illinois, is a historical museum.
Dawes composed for piano and flute. He also wrote several books, including A Journal of the Great War (1921), The First Year of the Budget of the United States (1923), and Notes as Vice President (1935).