Stettinius, Edward R . (Reilly), Jr. (1900–1949), a United States industrialist and statesman. He was secretary of state under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1944–45. Stettinius was born in Chicago. He attended the University of Virginia, 1919–24. After serving as vice president of General Motors Corporation and as chairman of the board of United States Steel Corporation, he became an adviser to the Council of National Defense in 1940. Stettinius was administrator of the Lend-Lease Program (1941–43), was appointed undersecretary of state in 1943, and succeeded Cordell Hull as secretary of state. In 1945 he became the United States representative to the United Nations.
Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America. On May 14, 1607, three ships from London landed here with 104 or 105 colonists.
In the early 1800s, the United States witnessed the birth of the railroad industry and along with it, dramatic changes in American society and business. What was life like before and after the railroads?