History of New Hampshire. Prehistoric hunters may have roamed what is now New Hampshire as early as 6000 B.C. However, little is known of the early Indians in this area. In historic times, when European explorers arrived, the region was inhabited by western Abnaki tribes, including the Sokoki and the Penacooks.

Important dates in New Hampshire
1603Martin Pring of England explored the mouth of the Piscataqua River.
1614Captain John Smith of England landed on the Isles of Shoals.
1620'sDavid Thomson and Edward Hilton established the first permanent settlements in New Hampshire.
1641The Massachusetts Colony gained control of New Hampshire.
1680New Hampshire became a separate royal colony.
1776New Hampshire broke away from Britain and adopted a temporary constitution.
1784New Hampshire adopted its present constitution.
1788New Hampshire became the ninth state when it ratified the U.S. Constitution on June 21.
1853Franklin Pierce of Hillsboro became the 14th president of the United States.
1944The International Monetary Conference was held at Bretton Woods.
1961Alan B. Shepard, Jr., of East Derry became the first American to travel in space.
1964The New Hampshire sweepstakes lottery began. It was the first legal U.S. lottery since the 1890's.
1986Christa McAuliffe, a Concord teacher, was among the seven crew members killed when the space shuttle Challenger broke apart shortly after take-off.
1997-2003Jeanne Shaheen served three terms as governor of New Hampshire. Shaheen was the first woman to be elected to the office.