Works Progress Administration, later Works Projects Administration, an agency of the United States government from 1935 to mid-1943. The WPA was established in the midst of the Great Depression to provide useful work for needy persons. More than 8,500,000 men and women were employed in building and improvement jobs, and in projects involving writers, artists, and theatrical workers. The agency spent nearly $11,000,000,000.
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The Union Terminal in Cincinnati opened on March 31, 1933, during the Depression. This magnificent building featured a 116-foot-high semicircular dome clad in Indiana limestone. Learn more about the Cincinnati Union Terminal in this section.
The economy had crashed. The nation was still recovering from World War I, and World War II was on the way. How did the railroad industry manage to make it through the Great Depression?