Imagining a distant time is much easier if you know a bit about the landscape. Explore Ancient Greek Cities and Sites in these articles to get a better picture of this ancient world.



Miletus , in ancient times a great maritime city on the Aegean coast of Asia Minor (now Turkey).

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  • Alexandria

    Alexandria (Arabic: El Iskandariya, Egypt, the nation's second largest city and principal port. See more »

  • Delphi

    Delphi,, an ancient city of central Greece on the south slope of Mount Parnassus. See more »

  • Ephesus

    Ephesus, an ancient city on the western coast of Asia Minor. It was situated about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Smyrna (now Izmir), Turkey. See more »

  • Marathon

    Marathon the site of a decisive battle of the Persian Wars in 490 B.C. Here, on a plain about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Athens, Greece, the Athenians defeated a Persian army and forced Darius the Great, the Persian emperor, to abandon his invasion of Greece. See more »

  • Olympia

    Olympia, in ancient Greece, the site of a sanctuary and of the Olympic Games. It lies in the valley of the Alfios River in the western part of the Peloponnesus. See more »

  • Sparta

    Sparta, a city-state of ancient Greece. Sparta, also called Lacedaemon, was the capital of Laconia, in southeastern Peloponnesus, and rivaled Athens as the most powerful city-state in Greece. See more »

  • Troy

    Troy (Greek: Ilion; Latin: Ilium), an ancient city of Asia Minor. It stood on the site of the hill now named Hissarlik in northwestern Turkey, about four miles (6 km) from the place where the Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea meet. See more »

  • Aegina

    Aegina, an island off the coast of Greece in the Saronic Gulf about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Athens. See more »

  • Antioch

    Antioch, (Turkish: Antakya), an ancient Syrian city, now in southern Turkey. It is on the Orontes River about 18 miles (29 km) from the Mediterranean coast. See more »

  • Attica

    Attica, a small, triangular peninsula on the Aegean coast of south-central Greece. See more »

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