Imagining a distant time is much easier if you know a bit about the landscape. Explore Ancient Greek Cities and Sites in these articles to get a better picture of this ancient world.


Syracuse, (Italian: Siracusa), Italy, a city on the east coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse.

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  • Alexandria


    Alexandria (Arabic: El Iskandariya, Egypt, the nation's second largest city and principal port. See more »

  • Delphi


    Delphi,, an ancient city of central Greece on the south slope of Mount Parnassus. See more »

  • Ephesus


    Ephesus, an ancient city on the western coast of Asia Minor. It was situated about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Smyrna (now Izmir), Turkey. See more »

  • Marathon


    Marathon the site of a decisive battle of the Persian Wars in 490 B.C. Here, on a plain about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Athens, Greece, the Athenians defeated a Persian army and forced Darius the Great, the Persian emperor, to abandon his invasion of Greece. See more »

  • Olympia


    Olympia, in ancient Greece, the site of a sanctuary and of the Olympic Games. It lies in the valley of the Alfios River in the western part of the Peloponnesus. See more »

  • Sparta


    Sparta, a city-state of ancient Greece. Sparta, also called Lacedaemon, was the capital of Laconia, in southeastern Peloponnesus, and rivaled Athens as the most powerful city-state in Greece. See more »

  • Troy


    Troy (Greek: Ilion; Latin: Ilium), an ancient city of Asia Minor. It stood on the site of the hill now named Hissarlik in northwestern Turkey, about four miles (6 km) from the place where the Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea meet. See more »

  • Aegina


    Aegina, an island off the coast of Greece in the Saronic Gulf about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Athens. See more »

  • Antioch


    Antioch, (Turkish: Antakya), an ancient Syrian city, now in southern Turkey. It is on the Orontes River about 18 miles (29 km) from the Mediterranean coast. See more »

  • Attica


    Attica, a small, triangular peninsula on the Aegean coast of south-central Greece. See more »

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