Roman deities, such as Jupiter and Venus, played important roles in ancient Roman history. Learn about the roles and symbols of the ancient Roman deities.


Minerva in Roman mythology, the goddess of wisdom. She was regarded as the personification of the faculty of thinking.

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  • Cupid


    Cupid, in Roman mythology, the god of love. He was the son of Venus. His father sometimes was named as Mars, at other times as Jupiter or Mercury. See more »

  • Diana


    Diana, in Roman mythology, the virgin goddess of hunting, of fields and forests, and of fertility and childbirth. See more »

  • Genius


    Genius, in Roman mythology, was an invisible spirit that acted as an intermediary between gods and humans. See more »

  • Janus


    Janus, in Roman mythology, the god of doorways and beginnings. The month of January is named for him. See more »

  • Jupiter


    Jupiter, in Roman mythology, the supreme god. Though principally a sky god in charge of all atmospheric conditions, he had many special functions. See more »

  • Saturn


    Saturn, in Roman mythology, a god of agriculture. He was identified with the Greek Cronus, who ruled the universe before the Olympian gods became supreme. See more »

  • Asclepius


    Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine. His Roman name was Aesculapius. He was the son of Apollo and Coronis, and the father of Hygeia. See more »

  • Augur


    Augur in ancient Rome, an official diviner who foretold events by omens. At first the college of augurs had three diviners but the number was eventually increased to 16. See more »

  • Aurora (Ancient Rome)

    Aurora (Ancient Rome)

    Aurora in Roman mythology, the goddess of the dawn. Her Greek name was Eos. She was the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and sister of the sun god Sol (Helios) and the moon goddess Luna (Selene). See more »

  • Bacchus


    Bacchus, or Dionysus, the Greek and Roman god of wine. The Greeks referred to him by both names, but the Romans called him only Bacchus. See more »

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