Roman deities, such as Jupiter and Venus, played important roles in ancient Roman history. Learn about the roles and symbols of the ancient Roman deities.



Mars, in Roman mythology, the god of war. Usually he is pictured as a young, armed warrior.

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  • Cupid

    Cupid, in Roman mythology, the god of love. He was the son of Venus. His father sometimes was named as Mars, at other times as Jupiter or Mercury. See more »

  • Diana

    Diana, in Roman mythology, the virgin goddess of hunting, of fields and forests, and of fertility and childbirth. See more »

  • Genius

    Genius, in Roman mythology, was an invisible spirit that acted as an intermediary between gods and humans. See more »

  • Janus

    Janus, in Roman mythology, the god of doorways and beginnings. The month of January is named for him. See more »

  • Jupiter

    Jupiter, in Roman mythology, the supreme god. Though principally a sky god in charge of all atmospheric conditions, he had many special functions. See more »

  • Saturn

    Saturn, in Roman mythology, a god of agriculture. He was identified with the Greek Cronus, who ruled the universe before the Olympian gods became supreme. See more »

  • Asclepius

    Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine. His Roman name was Aesculapius. He was the son of Apollo and Coronis, and the father of Hygeia. See more »

  • Augur

    Augur in ancient Rome, an official diviner who foretold events by omens. At first the college of augurs had three diviners but the number was eventually increased to 16. See more »

  • Aurora (Ancient Rome)
    Aurora (Ancient Rome)

    Aurora in Roman mythology, the goddess of the dawn. Her Greek name was Eos. She was the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and sister of the sun god Sol (Helios) and the moon goddess Luna (Selene). See more »

  • Bacchus

    Bacchus, or Dionysus, the Greek and Roman god of wine. The Greeks referred to him by both names, but the Romans called him only Bacchus. See more »

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