Magnesia, Battle of 190 or 189 B.C., a battle fought in Asia Minor near what is now Manisa, Turkey. A Roman army commanded by Lucius Scipio defeated the forces of Antiochus III, ruler of the Seleucid kingdom of Syria. This battle was the first fought by the Romans in Asia and established them as a power in the East. Antiochus agreed to abandon most of Asia Minor.
Caesar, a title that came from the name of a Roman family. The first important member of the family was the soldier and statesman Gaius Julius Caesar.
Rome and the Roman Empire, the most powerful state of the ancient world. It grew from an Italian village to a city-state and into an organization that ruled the shores of the Mediterranean and much of western Europe.