Rule and Assassination

During his administration of Rome, Caesar brought stability to the Roman world. He also reformed the calendar and greatly aided shipping by improving Mediterranean ports. He planned a number of projects, such as draining the Pontine marshes, making simple explanations of the laws available to the citizens, and establishing public libraries. But he was assassinated before he could proceed with these plans. On the Ides of March (March 15), 44 B.C., Caesar was stabbed to death by conspirators who considered him a tyrant. One of these was a friend, Marcus Brutus. Uttering the reproach, “Et tu, Brute!” (You, too, Brutus!), Caesar fell at the base of the statue of Pompey, his former associate and enemy.

Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra are plays about this great Roman.