The independent existence of Afghanistan dates only from the mid-18th century, but archeologists believe that the area was inhabited as early as the Old Stone Age.
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Petra, an ancient city in what is now southwestern Jordan, 115 miles (185 km) south-southwest of Amman, was the ancient capital of the Nabataeans. Read more about this city carved into a sheer rock face.
Asia is the birthplace of all the earliest known civilizations except that of Egypt; of most of the great language families; and of all the great religions.