Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 1842, an agreement that settled the long-disputed boundary between Maine and New Brunswick, Canada. The chief negotiators were Secretary of State Daniel Webster for the United States and Lord Ashburton for Great Britain. The treaty gave Canada five-twelfths of the disputed area. It adjusted the border near the source of the Connecticut River; at the north end of Lake Champlain; in the Detroit River; and in the Lake Superior region. The treaty also provided for unrestricted navigation of the St. John River by ships of both nations; mutual extradition of criminals; and cooperation between the two nations in suppressing the African slave trade.
It is generally believed that the ancestors of the Indians and the Inuit (Eskimos) migrated to North America across a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska.
Hudson's Bay Company, a Canadian retailing corporation. It is one of the oldest continuously operating commercial enterprises in the world, and its 325-year history is inseparable from that of the exploration of British North America and the growth of Canada.