Yaqui Indians, a North American Indian tribe of the Uto-Aztecan language family. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico in the 16th century, they inhabited the region along what is now the Yaqui River in the state of Sonora. They were seminomadic hunters and farmers. The Yaqui resisted white encroachment on their lands and were at war with the Mexican government well into the 20th century. Between 1880 and 1911, they were persecuted by Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz, who had thousands transported into virtual slavery in Yucat√°n; many others fled to Arizona. The Mexican government made peace with the Yaqui in 1927.

Approximately 40,000 Yaqui live in Mexico, and around 15,000 reside in the United States.