Hohenlinden, Battle of, December 3, 1800, a battle of the French Revolutionary Wars and one of the first battles of the Napoleonic Wars. At Hohenlinden, a Bavarian village 19 miles (31 km) east of Munich, the French under Jean Victor Moreau defeated the Austrians under Archduke John. Twenty thousand Austrians were killed, wounded, or captured, with only 5,000 French casualties. Moreau's victory left Vienna undefended. Austria made peace at Lunéville in February, 1801, withdrawing from the second coalition against France.
The control of Jerusalem and conflicts between Islam and the Western world may read like topics from today's headlines. But they were also at the heart of the Crusades.
Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.