Hohenlinden, Battle of, December 3, 1800, a battle of the French Revolutionary Wars and one of the first battles of the Napoleonic Wars. At Hohenlinden, a Bavarian village 19 miles (31 km) east of Munich, the French under Jean Victor Moreau defeated the Austrians under Archduke John. Twenty thousand Austrians were killed, wounded, or captured, with only 5,000 French casualties. Moreau's victory left Vienna undefended. Austria made peace at Lunéville in February, 1801, withdrawing from the second coalition against France.
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Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.
The history of Europe is the story of many different peoples and cultures. Some peoples lagged behind, while others surged far ahead in the development of social, intellectual, and political institutions and ideas.