Camorra, formerly a secret criminal organization of Naples, Italy, similar to the Mafia of Sicily. It was active from about 1830 until 1912. The Camorristi, as members of the society were called, terrorized people by extortion, murder, and other crimes. The Camorra had short-lived offshoots in the United States around 1900.
Torture was a very popular form of punishment in the Middle Ages, but it also served as a social deterrent and as entertainment for the masses. These 10 devices show just how creative torturers became with their tools as a result.
Renaissance, in a broad sense, the culturally fruitful period of transition from the medieval era into the beginning of modern civilization in Europe.