A country in central Europe that existed from 1918–93. The country consisted of the Czech lands (Bohemia and Moravia) and Slovakia. In 1993 Czechoslovakia broke up into two independent countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The control of Jerusalem and conflicts between Islam and the Western world may read like topics from today's headlines. But they were also at the heart of the Crusades.
Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.