Great Rebellion, or English Civil War, a war fought in Great Britain, 1642–1652. In the first phase of the conflict, 1642–46, the forces of the English Parliament, aided by Scottish Presbyterians, defeated the Royalist army. In the second, 1648–52, Royalists and Presbyterian Puritans were defeated by the Independent Puritan forces of Oliver Cromwell. Charles I was beheaded and a new government, the Commonwealth, was created. The monarchy was restored in 1660, but royal authority was never again as strong as before the Great Rebellion.
You Might Also Like
England's first known inhabitants were cave dwellers who hunted and fished and lived under Stone Age conditions until after 2000 B.C.
Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.