Albert, Prince (1819-1861), consort of Queen Victoria of Great Britain. Throughout his marriage to Victoria, Albert was her devoted companion and constant adviser on foreign and domestic policy. Albert, the son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, married his cousin Victoria in 1840. As a foreigner, he was at first viewed with suspicion by the British people. Gradually he won their respect by his interest in and understanding of Britain's problems.
Albert was also an enthusiastic supporter of science and art. At his urging, the Great (Crystal Palace) Exhibition was organized and held in London in 1851. In 1857 he was given the title prince consort by Victoria. Although gravely ill in 1861, Albert helped to avert a crisis in Anglo-American relations by persuading the government to act with moderation in the dispute with the United States over the stopping of the British ship Trent; among other things, he softened the wording of a British ultimatum to the United States government. ( See Trent Affair .)
After Albert's death, Victoria remained in seclusion for years. She wore black the rest of her life.