Morgan, Sir Henry (1635-1688), an English sailor who was a leader of the buccaneers, adventurers who raided Spanish shipping and colonies during the 17th century. Sailing under an English commission, Morgan led raiding expeditions against Porto Bello (Panama), Maracaibo (Venezuela), the coast of Cuba, Gibraltar, and Panama City during 1669-71.

After Spanish protests, Morgan was arrested by the English in 1671. However, he gained the favor of King Charles II and was released and knighted in 1674. He was then sent to Jamaica as lieutenant governor and commander of British forces there.

Morgan was born in Wales. He went to Barbados in 1655, and some years later he made his way to Jamaica, where he joined the buccaneers.