Pressburg, Treaty of, December 26, 1805, a peace treaty between France and Austria. It was signed at Pressburg (or Pozsony), Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia), following the victory of Emperor Napoleon I at the Battle of Austerlitz. Austria recognized the previous French annexations of Piedmont and Parma in western Italy. The Austrians ceded Venetia, Dalmatia, and Istria to the kingdom of Italy (whose king was Napoleon) and the Tyrol to Bavaria. Other German states allied to Napoleon received some territory. As partial compensation, Austria was allowed to annex the electorate of Salzburg.
Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.
When the Romans conquered the region that is now Austria about 14 B.C., it was inhabited by Celts.