Pressburg, Treaty of, December 26, 1805, a peace treaty between France and Austria. It was signed at Pressburg (or Pozsony), Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia), following the victory of Emperor Napoleon I at the Battle of Austerlitz. Austria recognized the previous French annexations of Piedmont and Parma in western Italy. The Austrians ceded Venetia, Dalmatia, and Istria to the kingdom of Italy (whose king was Napoleon) and the Tyrol to Bavaria. Other German states allied to Napoleon received some territory. As partial compensation, Austria was allowed to annex the electorate of Salzburg.
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The history of Europe is the story of many different peoples and cultures. Some peoples lagged behind, while others surged far ahead in the development of social, intellectual, and political institutions and ideas.