Pressburg, Treaty of, December 26, 1805, a peace treaty between France and Austria. It was signed at Pressburg (or Pozsony), Hungary (now Bratislava, Slovakia), following the victory of Emperor Napoleon I at the Battle of Austerlitz. Austria recognized the previous French annexations of Piedmont and Parma in western Italy. The Austrians ceded Venetia, Dalmatia, and Istria to the kingdom of Italy (whose king was Napoleon) and the Tyrol to Bavaria. Other German states allied to Napoleon received some territory. As partial compensation, Austria was allowed to annex the electorate of Salzburg.
Torture was a very popular form of punishment in the Middle Ages, but it also served as a social deterrent and as entertainment for the masses. These 10 devices show just how creative torturers became with their tools as a result.
Renaissance, in a broad sense, the culturally fruitful period of transition from the medieval era into the beginning of modern civilization in Europe.