Woodson, Carter G . (Godwin) (1875–1950), a United States historian. As founder of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (1915), he initiated the systematic study of black Americans. Woodson's books include The Negro in Our History (1922), the first textbook of its kind.

Woodson was born in New Canton, Virginia, the son of a tenant farmer. To pay for his education, he worked as a coal miner. He graduated from Berea College in 1903. He received an M.A. from the University of Chicago in 1908 and a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1912.