Eggleston, Edward (1837–1902), a United States novelist. He was one of the first American writers to deal realistically with frontier life. The Hoosier Schoolmaster (1871), about the people and customs of backwoods Indiana, was inspired by the rural teaching experiences of his brother George. The brothers also wrote children's books and historical works.

The Egglestons were born in Vevay, Indiana. Edward was at various times a traveling Bible agent and a circuit-riding Methodist preacher in Minnesota and Indiana. In 1870 he moved to New York City, where he edited Hearth and Home. From 1874 until 1879 he was pastor of the Church of Christian Endeavor in Brooklyn.

His other novels include: The Circuit Rider (1874); The Hoosier Schoolboy (1883); The Graysons (1888); and The Faith Doctor (1891).