Tarbell, Ida M. (Minerva) (1857–1944), a United States author. Her book The History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), which was serialized in McClure's Magazine, was one of the first and best-known contributions to the muckraking movement (a journalistic movement that exposed social, economic, and political evils in the United States). The book was written in an objective style, but it caused a sensation because it revealed corrupt methods that the company had used to gain a monopoly in the petroleum industry.

Ida Tarbell was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania. She graduated from Allegheny College and later studied in Paris. In 1894 she joined the staff of McClure's Magazine. From 1906 to 1915 Miss Tarbell was one of the editors of American Magazine, which she and her colleagues turned into a prominent muckraking journal. She published many other books, including several works on Lincoln, and an autobiography, All in a Day's Work (1939).