Hakluyt, Richard (1552?–1616), an English geographer, historian, and clergyman. His major work was the collecting and editing of more than 100 accounts of voyages and explorations as told by ordinary civil servants and seamen and by such important adventurers as the Cabots, Frobisher, Drake, and Raleigh. This collection, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffics, and Discoveries of the English Nation (1589; enlarged 3-volume edition, 1598–1600), has been called the prose epic of the modern English nation. Together with an earlier book of Hakluyt's, Divers Voyages Touching the Discovery of America and the Islands Adjacent (1582), it encouraged further English exploration, colonization, and foreign trade.
Hakluyt attended Oxford University. In 1603 he was made archdeacon of Westminster. He was a leading promoter of Sir Waller Raleigh's London Company for the colonization of Virginia