Morison, Samuel Eliot (1887-1976), a United States historian, considered a master of narrative history and historical biography. He twice won the Pulitzer Prize for biography—in 1943 for Admiral of the Ocean Sea, a life of Christopher Columbus, and in 1960 for John Paul Jones, a Sailor's Biography. His appointment as official U.S. Navy historian of World War II resulted in A History of United States Naval Operations in World War II (15 volumes, 1947-62). A one-volume condensation, The Two-Ocean War, was published in 1963. The Growth of the American Republic (2 volumes), written by Morison with Henry Steele Commager originally in 1930 and later also with William E. Leuchtenburg (6th edition, 1969), became a standard college text.

Morison was born in Boston. He received his doctorate from Harvard in 1912 and then taught there. He served in the Army in World War I and the Naval Reserve in World War II, retiring with the rank of rear admiral.

His other books include: Maritime History of Massachusetts (1921); The Oxford History of the United States (2 volumes, 1927); Christopher Columbus, Mariner (1955); The Oxford History of the American People (1965); "Old Bruin"—The Life of Commodore Matthew C. Perry (1967); The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A.D. 500-1600 (1971); Samuel de Champlain (1972); and The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, A.D. 1492-1616 (1974).