Tippecanoe, Battle of, November 7, 1811, an engagement between frontier troops and Indians near the Shawnee village of Prophet's Town. The community, in Indiana Territory at the juncture of the Wabash and Tippecanoe rivers, had been founded by the Shawnee chief Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, known as the Prophet, who had been trying to organize Indian resistance to white encroachment.
Governor William Henry Harrison of Indiana Territory had negotiated cessions of Indian lands and regarded Prophet's Town as a center of dangerous opposition. While Tecumseh was on a journey, Harrison marched against the village with almost 1,000 men. About 450 Indians attacked the American camp, just north of present Lafayette, but were repulsed. Harrison burned Prophet's Town and claimed a great victory. Reprisals by the Indians, presumably encouraged by the British in Canada, helped bring on the War of 1812.