Geronimo, (18291909), a warrior of the Chiricahua tribe of Apache Indians. United States army troops pursued his band through desert and mountains in one of the last Indian wars.
Geronimo was born near the headwaters of the Gila in Arizona. He received his name, the Spanish form of Jerome, from Mexican settlers. Goyathlay (one who yawns) was his Indian name.Geronimo was a fierce Apache warrior.
Geronimo was among the Apaches concentrated at San Carlos Agency, Arizona. Several times he joined or led bands slipping out from there for raids along the border and into Mexico. In 1885 he started on his last and bloodiest raiding foray with about 130 warriors. In March, 1886, he surrendered to General George Crook but slipped away again, with a band of 17 warriors and 19 women and children. They were pursued by some 5,000 soldiers under General Nelson A. Miles before surrendering in September.
Geronimo and the entire tribe of Chiricahuas, including even scouts who had aided the troops, were held in Florida as prisoners of war. Eventually they were moved to a reservation at Fort Sill in what is now Oklahoma. Later Geronimo took up farming, became a Christian, and traveled with Wild West shows. He also attended President Theodore Roosevelt's inaugural. An autobiography, Geronimo's Story of His People, as told to S. M. Barrett, was published in 1906.