Osceola (1800?–1838), a leader of Indians in the Second Seminole War. He was probably born among Creek Indians on the Tallapoosa River, Georgia. Osceola op- posed the 1832 treaty of Payne's Landing and the 1833 treaty of Fort Gibson, which provided for removal of the Seminoles to an area west of the Mississippi River, and in 1835 he led an uprising. The killing of an Indian agent and the ambushing of a detachment under Major F. L. Dade started a war that continued until 1842. Osceoia, coming in under a flag of truce for a conference in 1837, was seized by Brigadier General T. S. Jesup. Osceoia was imprisoned, dying in Fort Moultrie, in South Carolina.