McIntosh, William (1775?-1825), a Creek Indian chief. McIntosh was born in what is now Carroll County, Georgia, the son of a British army officer and Indian agent and a Creek woman. He became chief of the Lower (Georgia) Creeks. During the War of 1812, McIntosh fought on the side of the United States against the pro-English Upper (Alabama) Creeks. He was made a brigadier general in the U.S. Army and fought under General Andrew Jackson against the Seminoles, 1817-18. In 1825 McIntosh signed a treaty ceding Creek lands to the federal government. He was murdered by Upper Creeks who opposed the cession.
America's history begins with the Native Americans and the English settlers they encountered. Read our list of Native American leaders and heroes, including Sequoyah, Geronimo, and Crazy Horse.
It's a hotly debated topic: Who found America first? One theory proposes that it was the Clovis. So will we be replacing Columbus Day with "Clovis Day" on our calendars?