Rasmussen, Knud Johan Victor (1879-1933), a Danish explorer of Greenland. He was born in Greenland, and attended Copenhagen University. A trip to Lapland in 1901 helped prepare him for later expeditions across Greenland, to study the country and Eskimo life. Rasmussen founded Thule in 1910, and between 1912 and 1914 traveled more than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) over the ice, discovering a large area of ice-free land with much game. During his expedition of 1921-24, he made a thorough ethnological survey of Eskimo tribes.
Cook, James (1728 - 1779), a British navigator. Captain Cook accurately charted vast regions of the South Pacific; provided a basis for England's claim to Australia and New Zealand; and developed a diet that prevented scurvy among seamen.
Japan's bombing of Pearl Harbor was the major event that caused the United States to enter World War II. On December 7, 1941, Japan bombed the harbor, which damaged 300 planes, eight battleships, and killed over 2,000 people. Learn more about the attack.