Ward, Artemas (1727–1800), an American Revolutionary War general. After the Battle of Lexington in 1775, he was given command of Massachusetts forces. When General George Washington arrived in Boston, Ward became second in command in the Continental Army with the rank of major general. In 1776 he directed the seizure of Dorchester Heights, an action that forced the British to leave Boston. Ward then resigned his commission because of ill health. He later was president of the Massachusetts executive council (1777–79) and served in the Continental Congress (1780–82) and the U.S. Congress (1791–95).
Ward was born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard in 1748. He took part in the French and Indian War (1754–60), rising to the rank of colonel of militia. He served several terms in the Massachusetts general court (legislature), where he was an early opponent of royal authority, and was a judge in Worcester County (1762–75).