Middleton, Arthur (1742โ€“1787), an American patriot and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Middleton was born near Charles Town (now Charleston), South Carolina, and was educated in England. He was a member of the South Carolina assembly, 1764โ€“68 and 1772โ€“74. Middleton served in the South Carolina provincial congresses and on the Council of Safety. He helped prepare the state constitution of 1776, and then was elected to the Continental Congress.