Middleton, Arthur (1742–1787), an American patriot and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Middleton was born near Charles Town (now Charleston), South Carolina, and was educated in England. He was a member of the South Carolina assembly, 1764–68 and 1772–74. Middleton served in the South Carolina provincial congresses and on the Council of Safety. He helped prepare the state constitution of 1776, and then was elected to the Continental Congress.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.