Guilford Courthouse, Battle of, March 15, 1781, a battle of the American Revolution. It was fought five miles (8 km) north of present-day Greensboro, North Carolina. The British were commanded by Lord Cornwallis, the American patriots by Nathanael Greene. After an indecisive battle Greene retreated, but the British suffered 532 casualties, almost one-fourth of their force, and Cornwallis decided to abandon the Carolinas. The patriots had 263 casualties, and 1,000 militia fled to their homes. A national military park was established on the battlefield site in 1917.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.