Concord , Massachusetts, a town in Middlesex County. It lies on the Concord River, 16 miles (26 km) northwest of downtown Boston. Concord is primarily a residential community and tourist center, noted for its associations with the Revolutionary War and prominent 19th-century literary figures.
Several events that helped spark the American Revolution took place in Concord. The First Massachusetts Provincial Congress, presided over by John Hancock, met here in October, 1774. On April 19, 1775, Minutemen clashed with British troops—sent to Concord to seize military stores—at the foot of North Bridge, in one of the first skirmishes of the Revolutionary War. Daniel Chester French's sculpture The Minute Man and a replica of the bridge commemorate the battle.
During the 19th century Concord was an important literary center. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Louisa May Alcott all lived here and are buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. Some of their homes—including Emerson House, the Old Manse (Hawthorne), and Orchard Place (Alcott family)—have been preserved as historic landmarks. Just south of town is Walden Pond, made famous by Thoreau's Walden.
Concord was founded in 1635.