Morris, Gouverneur (1752–1816), a United States statesman. As a member of the constitutional convention in 1787, Morris was an eloquent advocate of a strong central government, and was given the task of putting the Constitution into its final literary form. He was born on the manor of Morrisania (in what is now the Bronx), New York. Morris graduated from King's College (now Columbia University) and began to practice law. A strong advocate of the patriot cause, he was a member of the New York Provincial Congress, 1775–77, and was on the committee that drafted the state constitution. He next served in the Continental Congress, 1777–78, succeeding his half-brother Lewis Morris.
Morris was defeated when he ran for reelection in 1779, and then moved to Philadelphia. In 1781 he became assistant to Robert Morris (no relative), the superintendent of finance, and held this post until 1785. In 1789 he went to France on private business. He remained abroad until 1798. He was minister to France, 1792–94.
Morris served as a Federalist member of the U.S. Senate from New York, 1800–03. Deeply distrustful of democracy, Morris became bitterly hostile to the Jeffersonian Republican party and to the republic he had done so much to establish.