Barney, Joshua (1759–1818), a United States naval hero of the American Revolution and the War of 1812. He went to sea at age 11 and was commissioned a lieutenant in the navy at 16. During the Revolution, he seized many British vessels. Captured three times, he was exchanged twice and escaped once. He retired from the U.S. Navy in 1784. Barney was asked to return to naval service in 1794 but refused because of a dispute over rank. He served in the French navy, 1796–1802, fighting against the British. During the War of 1812, Barney first commanded privateers and then returned to the U.S. Navy as a commodore in charge of a gunboat flotilla. In 1814, at the battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, he led a heroic but futile defense of Washington, D.C., against the British.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.