Herkimer, Nicholas (1728–1777), an American Revolutionary War army officer. Herkimer was born in German Flats (now Herkimer), New York. During the Saratoga campaign he collected about 800 county militia to relieve Fort Stanwix (at what is now Rome, New York), which was being besieged by forces under British General Barry St. Leger. The patriots were ambushed and defeated in the Battle of Oriskany, August 6, 1777. Herkimer, a brigadier general, directed his troops though badly wounded. He died a few days later. St. Leger lost so many men that he retreated when he learned that Benedict Arnold was approaching with American reinforcements.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.