Schuyler, Philip John (1733–1804), a United States army officer and statesman. He was commander of the Continental army in northern New York during the American Revolution and, as a Federalist, was one of the state's first two United States senators.
Schuyler was born in Albany, New York, a member of one of New York's wealthiest and most influential families. After serving in the French and Indian War, 1755–60, he devoted his time to developing his vast landholdings in the Mohawk Valley. In 1775 he was a delegate to the Continental Congress, which appointed him one of four major generals under George Washington in the newly created Continental Army.
Schuyler supervised the recruiting and provisioning of the northern Continental army. He organized the invasion of Canada, 1775–76, but did not take part because of ill health. Following the fall of Fort Ticonderoga to the British in 1777, he was replaced by General Horatio Gates. He demanded a court-martial to clear himself of blame for the fort's loss, and was exonerated. He resigned from the army in 1779 but continued to advise Washington. Schuyler served in the Continental Congress, 1779–80, and in the U.S. Senate, 1789–91 and 1797–98. In his later years, he was a political ally of his son-in-law, Alexander Hamilton.