Hutchinson, Thomas (1711–1780), a royal governor of colonial Massachusetts. A descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he was born in Boston and graduated from Harvard. He was a wealthy merchant and held many colonial offices. Hutchinson was lieutenant governor of Massachusetts from 1758 to 1771, being then appointed governor. A strong conservative, devoted to Massachusetts but determined to do his duty to the king, Hutchinson made himself extremely unpopular by his efforts to enforce British taxes. In 1774, after the Boston Tea Party, Hutchinson settled in England. He wrote a number of books, including the excellent History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay (3 volumes, 1764–1828).