Hutchinson, Thomas (1711–1780), a royal governor of colonial Massachusetts. A descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he was born in Boston and graduated from Harvard. He was a wealthy merchant and held many colonial offices. Hutchinson was lieutenant governor of Massachusetts from 1758 to 1771, being then appointed governor. A strong conservative, devoted to Massachusetts but determined to do his duty to the king, Hutchinson made himself extremely unpopular by his efforts to enforce British taxes. In 1774, after the Boston Tea Party, Hutchinson settled in England. He wrote a number of books, including the excellent History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay (3 volumes, 1764–1828).
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.