SOUTH AMERICAN INDIANS

South America includes a large population of Indian peoples. Learn about their culture and influence in South America.
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Araucanian Indians

Araucanian Indians a group of South American Indians. They once lived in Araucania, a large area of Chile south of the Bío-Bío River.

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  • Incas

    Incas

    Incas, an Indian people of South America. Long before the voyages of Columbus, their empire, centered in Peru, was remarkable for its organization and culture. See more »

  • Tikal

    Tikal

    Tikal, a Mayan city, now in ruins, in northern Guatemala, about 27 miles (43 km) northeast of Flores. See more »

  • Araucanian Indians

    Araucanian Indians

    Araucanian Indians a group of South American Indians. They once lived in Araucania, a large area of Chile south of the Bío-Bío River. See more »

  • Atahualpa

    Atahualpa

    Atahualpa, (1500 - 1533), the last ruler of the Inca empire in Peru. His half-brother Huscar succeeded their father to the throne in 1527. See more »

  • Jivaro Indians

    Jivaro Indians

    Jívaro Indians, a primitive tribe living in the jungles of the upper Amazon basin, in eastern Ecuador and northern Peru. See more »

  • Ona Indians

    Ona Indians

    Ona Indians, a tribe of Indians of Tierra del Fuego, at the southern tip of South America. See more »

  • Quechua Indians

    Quechua Indians

    Quechua (or Quichua) Indians, a group of tribes that lives in Ecuador, Peru, southern Bolivia, and northwestern Argentina. See more »

  • Yahgan Indians

    Yahgan Indians

    Yahgan Indians, a tribe of Indians at the southern tip of South America. Traditionally nomads, they traveled by canoe from one beach to another in search of food—shellfish, sea mammals, and birds. See more »

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