Richthofen, Baron Ferdinand von (1833–1905), a German geographer. Trained as a geologist, Richthofen studied the geology of the Tyrol and Transylvania before accompanying a German diplomatic mission to the Far East, 1859–62. He then prepared for the immense task of describing and mapping the Chinese Empire, in which he traveled from 1868 to 1872. He issued his findings in three volumes and an atlas (1877–85), covering everything from the geology to the economy of the country. Richthofen was professor of geography at the University of Berlin from 1886 to his death.
Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward) (1888-1935), a British soldier and writer known as "Lawrence of Arabia." The Seven Pillars of Wisdom is his account of his adventures and ideas as leader of the Arabs in their successful revolt against Turkey in World War I.
Beatty of the North Sea and of Brooksby, David Beatty, First Earl (1871-1936), a British naval officer.