Lusitania, a British transatlantic liner sunk by a German submarine off Kinsale Head, Ireland, on May 7, 1915. Of 1,198 persons who lost their lives, 128 were Americans. There were 761 survivors. The incident aroused intense indignation in the United States and brought the country closer to intervention in World War I. Germany rejected a demand for reparations, stating—correctly—that the ship carried ammunition and that passengers had been warned by advertisements that they sailed at their own risk. Evidence made public after the war indicated that the Lusitania's captain, William T. Turner, had failed to follow standing orders regarding evasive action.
Gallipoli Campaign, an Allied attempt in 1915, during World War I, to seize the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey and thus gain control of the Dardanelles strait, opening a supply route from the west to Russia through the Black Sea.
Lawrence, T. E. (Thomas Edward) (1888-1935), a British soldier and writer known as "Lawrence of Arabia." The Seven Pillars of Wisdom is his account of his adventures and ideas as leader of the Arabs in their successful revolt against Turkey in World War I.