Rapallo, Treaties of, international agreements signed at Rapallo, Italy, soon after World War I. The two treaties involved different countries, but both attempted to settle differences remaining after the war.
Italy and Yugoslavia signed a treaty in November that dealt with land disputed by the two countries at the head of the Adriatic Sea, and set up Fiume (Rijeka) as an independent city. The settlement lasted until the Italian Fascists came to power in 1922, when Mussolini occupied the area.
In April Germany and Russia, the two most mistrusted nations of Europe, agreed to resume diplomatic relations, give up economic claims against each other, and cooperate economically and politically. This action alarmed other European powers, contributing to the failure of a conference in session at Genoa that was trying to reach an agreement with Russia.