Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstowe, Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, First Viscount (1861–1936), a British general in World War I. He captured Jerusalem and ended Turkish rule in Palestine. Allenby entered the army in 1882 and served in the Boer War, 1899–1902. He became major general in 1909. In World War I he commanded a cavalry division at Mons and the Third Army at the Aisne and Arras. He went to Palestine in 1917. In his victory at Megiddo, 1918, he made extensive use of cavalry; he is called the last great cavalry commander. Allenby was made a field marshal and raised to the peerage in 1919. He was high commissioner to Egypt, 1919–25.
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