Eichmann, Adolf (1906–1962), a German Nazi official. He joined the Nazi party and the SS (party police) in 1932, and was assigned to Jewish affairs in 1934. As head of a Gestapo bureau in World War II, he collected millions of European Jews and transported them to extermination camps. In 1960 Israeli agents kidnapped Eichmann in Argentina. He was tried by Israel, convicted of crimes against Jews and against humanity in general, and hanged.