Afrika Korps (Africa Corps), a World War II German army organization that fought in North Africa, 1941–42. Its principal units were the 15th and 21st Panzer (armored) divisions and the 90th Light Division. Attached were seven Italian divisions, including one armored division. Under the able generalship of Field Marshal General Erwin Rommel this small striking force won many victories, notably the capture of Tobruk on June 21, 1942.
The Afrika Korps was halted at the end of June by the British 8th Army under General Claude Auchinleck, and was turned back by the same army under General Bernard Montgomery, at the Battle of El Alamein, October 23-November 3, 1942. After the Allied invasion of western North Africa the Axis forces were reorganized as Army Group Africa. In March, 1943, Rommel was succeeded by Jürgen von Arnim, who surrendered on May 12, 1943.