Kesselring Albert (1887–1960), a German army officer. He joined the army in 1904 and was an aviator during World War I, becoming a friend of Hermann Göring. In the early part of World War II Kesselring commanded air units during the invasion of Poland, the fighting in France, the Battle of Britain, and the invasion of Russia.
Kesselring became a field marshal in 1940 and in 1941 was made commander in chief of German forces in the Mediterranean theater. Although he lost North Africa and Sicily, he proved to be a formidable foe during the Allies' Italian campaign. In 1945 Kesselring succeeded Field Marshal von Rundstedt as supreme commander in the west.
After the war a British military court sentenced Kesselring to death for the massacre of Italian civilians, but his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. He was released in 1952 and was elected president of a large German veterans' organization.